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Title IX Laws Re: Discrimination & Harassment - Know Your Rights

posted Jun 14, 2017, 11:46 AM by Lindsay Christensen   [ updated Jun 14, 2017, 12:00 PM ]

Student Rights under Title IX


Federal Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”), implemented at 34 C.F.R. § 106.31, subd. (a), provides that no person shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any academic, extracurricular, research, occupational training, or other education program or activity operated by a recipient which receives federal financial assistance.  Relevant here, Title IX requires school districts to take immediate and appropriate action to investigate when it knows or reasonably should know of a possible Title IX violation.


Title IX Coordinator


Tim Hoff, Director of Human Resources, is the Title IX Coordinator for the Modoc County Office of Education and can be reached by telephone at (530) 233-7103 or by email at thoff@modoccoe.org.


Filing a Title IX Complaint with the County Office of Education


Student complaints shall be submitted in written form in accordance with Superintendent Policy 5145.3 and 5145.7 and Administrative Regulation 1312.3 attached at the conclusion of this document.  If the complainant is unable to prepare the complaint in writing, administrative staff shall help him/her to do so. The COE provides a complaint form at the conclusion of this document.


Complaints must be filed within six months from the date when the alleged unlawful discrimination occurred, or from the date the complainant first obtained knowledge of the facts of the alleged discrimination, harassment, intimidation, or bullying that is based on sex.  The time for filing may be extended up to 90 days by the Superintendent or the Superintendent’s designee, for good cause, upon written request by the complainant setting forth the reasons for the request for an extension of time to file a written complaint.  


The compliance officer may informally discuss with all the parties the possibility of using mediation within three business days after his or her receipt of the complaint. All complaints shall be appropriately investigated in a timely manner. Within 10 business days after the compliance officer receives the complaint, the compliance officer shall begin an investigation into the complaint. The investigation shall include an opportunity for the complainant, or the complainant’s representative, or both, to present the compliance officer with any evidence, or information leading to evidence, to support the allegations in the complaint.  Unless extended by a written agreement with the complainant, the County Office of Education shall issue a written decision based on the evidence within 60 calendar days from receipt of the complaint by the County Office of Education.  


Any complainant who is dissatisfied with the final written decision may file an appeal in writing with the California Department of Education within 15 calendar days of receiving the decision.  


Complaints made by or on behalf of students may also be filed with the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights within 180 calendar days of the date of the alleged discrimination, unless the time for filing is extended by the Office of Civil Rights for good cause shown under certain circumstances.


Additional details about procedures for filing a complaint may be found in within the content of Superintendent Policies 5145.3 and 5145.7 and Administrative Regulation 1312.3.


Student Rights Pursuant to Education Code Section 221.8


Education Code section 221.8 provides as follows:


The following list of rights, which are based on the relevant provisions of the federal regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. § 1681 et seq.), may be used by the department for purposes of Section 221.6:


  1. You have the right to fair and equitable treatment and you shall not be discriminated against based on your sex.

  2. You have the right to be provided with an equitable opportunity to participate in all academic extracurricular activities, including athletics.

  3. You have the right to inquire of the athletic director of your school as to the athletic opportunities offered by the school.

  4. You have the right to apply for athletic scholarships.

  5. You have the right to receive equitable treatment and benefits in the provision of all of the following:

  1. Equipment and supplies.
  2. Scheduling of games and practices.
  3. Transportation and daily allowances.

  4. Access to tutoring.

  5. Coaching.

  6. Locker rooms.

  7. Practice and competitive facilities.

  8. Medical and training facilities and services.

  9. Publicity.

  1. You have the right to have access to a gender equity coordinator to answer questions regarding gender equity laws.

  2. You have the right to contact the State Department of Education and the California Interscholastic Federation to access information on gender equity laws.

  3. You have the right to file a confidential discrimination complaint with the United States Office for Civil Rights or the State Department of Education if you believe you have been discriminated against or if you believe you have received unequal treatment on the basis of your sex.

  4. You have the right to pursue civil remedies if you have been discriminated against.

  5. You have the right to be protected against retaliation if you file a discrimination complaint.




Additional Resources




  • United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights Contact Information: 1-800-421-3481 orocr@ed.gov



New MCOE Health Initiative Site!

posted Feb 23, 2017, 10:35 AM by Lindsay Christensen   [ updated Jan 7, 2020, 12:19 PM by Kristy Prince ]

mcoe health iniative image

The field of education takes its toll on those who tirelessly work in it.

Employees must have a means of rejuvenation; replenishing what work depletes.

Each employee should determine how much personal time should be invested per week in order to be effective with others.

Employees are encouraged to browse the links below and the posted articles to learn about relevant information in taking care of one-self.  

[Blue Light Warning] Do NOT Read This Page After Dark!

[Blue Light Warning] Do NOT Read This Page After Dark!
You’re destroying your body right now without realizing it… and it’s all because of Thomas Edison. Sound crazy? It is. And it’s true… As you look at this screen, your death clock is speeding up. So, get informed NOW.

Are you reading this at night? Because, if you are…


Modoc County STEM Fair Update!

posted Oct 27, 2016, 10:05 AM by Lindsay Christensen   [ updated Mar 9, 2017, 8:47 AM ]

All information needed for the Modoc County STEM Fair is here:


Contact: Liza Butler lbutler@modoccoe.org

Modoc County STEM Fair

State Superintendent Visits Modoc

posted Sep 25, 2015, 8:22 AM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us   [ updated Sep 25, 2015, 8:25 AM ]

On Thursday, September 24th, the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Tom Torlakson, came to Modoc County for a visit. He toured the Alturas State Preschool and Stronghold Juvenile Court School, spoke to 15 of our local school leaders during lunch at the Niles Hotel, and watched our 3rd Grade Targeted Collaboration Training. 

The Superintendent was extremely impressed with how well coordinated our early childhood education programs are, how peaceful our juvenile court school is, and how collaborative our educators are. 

We are doing many great things in Modoc!

Teacher Shortage Info Graph

posted Sep 3, 2015, 1:49 PM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us   [ updated Sep 3, 2015, 1:59 PM ]

Learning from Chico’s Business Leaders

posted Aug 12, 2015, 11:51 AM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us

Teachers and administrators from the three school districts in Modoc County traveled to Chico at the invitation of a group of business leaders. Each of the light industries the group toured has a difficult time finding employees who possess the necessary preparation and skills to meet the needs of their companies.

98-year-old Chalkboard Drawings Discovered in Oklahoma School

posted Jun 8, 2015, 9:38 AM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us   [ updated Jun 11, 2015, 9:45 AM ]

Sometime in 1917, probably in November, Emerson High School in Oklahoma City got new chalkboards. Apparently they installed them right overtop the old chalkboards, which were only discovered this past week as chalkboards are now being replaced with whiteboards. <-- think about that...they are finally getting whiteboards in 2015!

The short article is HERE.

The Challenge Of Personalizing Learning In Real-Time

posted May 22, 2015, 3:36 PM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us

The conversation on the need to use student achievement data in education is fast-tracking its importance in today’s classrooms. But with so much data now directed at school leaders, teachers and students – how do you make sense of it all?

First and foremost, it is imperative that every data point has a face – it is not about the number but about students and their performance. Student data can only be useful if the right environment is created with procedures that create conversations where data is informative, useful and put into practice. For students to grow and for teachers to personalize instruction – data must constantly be formative and meaningful.

Read article HERE.

New research suggests cellphones should be banned in classrooms

posted May 15, 2015, 10:57 AM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us

Earlier this week, researchers from Louisiana State University and the University of Texas found that when schools implemented a cellphone ban across campus, student test scores increased by as much as 6 percent.

“We found that the impact of banning phones for these students equivalent to an additional hour a week in school, or to increasing the school year by five days,” said the authors of the study, as reported by The Conversation.

Read full article HERE.

Does summer learning matter?

posted May 4, 2015, 10:42 AM by gjones@modoccoe.k12.ca.us   [ updated May 4, 2015, 10:42 AM ]

Watch this two-minute video. You be the judge.

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